If you have a gap since your last job, employers will want to know how you have spent your time since you last worked. You can expect to be asked "What have you been doing since your last job?"
It's important, especially if you have been out of work for a while, to be able to provide information on what you have done during the time you weren't working. You should prepare a response in advance that emphasizes any constructive activities in which you have been engaged.
Types of Activities to Share
If you have taken courses to upgrade your knowledge or workshops to enhance your skills, share that information with the interviewer. It will also be worth mentioning if you have volunteered with a community agency or worked as an intern to gain additional experience or exposure to a new field. If you have recently lost your job, it's a good idea to sign-up for experiences like these so you can showcase your interest in professional development to employers.
For candidates who are changing their career focus, it makes sense to emphasize that you have been exploring alternative career directions that would better suit your skills and interests. Be ready to share the types of activities involved with your exploration like career research, informational interviews and job shadowing and to share some of what you learned about how the new field is a good fit.
When You're Out of the Workforce
In some cases, candidates may have left a job to care for an ill spouse, child or parent. It can be appropriate to share this information if the situation has been resolved and you are now able to devote your full time and attention to work. Divulging a personal health issue can be tricky and is only advisable if it has clearly been resolved and is not likely to reoccur.
If you have moved to a new area for family reasons like a partner's job or being closer to a child or parent, you could say that you have focused on finding the right position in a challenging market.
If you have taken time off to pursue a personal goal like hiking the Appalachian Trail, climbing in the Himalayas, traveling through India, making the PGA Tour or touring as a musician, for example, mention it. Presenting this sort of rationale can be appropriate as long as you can articulate how the need has been satisfied and you can convincingly emphasize your current enthusiasm for the job you are being considering for.
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