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What is the Difference Between EUC and EB?

Emergency Employment Compensation (EUC) and Extended Benefits (EB)


Democrats Introduce Emergency Unemployment Compensation Expansion Act
Brendan Smialowski/Stringer/Getty Images News

Update December 29, 2013: There are currently no federal unemployment benefits in place for 2014. Hopefully, an extension of Emergency Unemployment Compensation (EUC) will be passed in early January. Here's information on what's happening with Unemployment Extensions for 2014.

What is the Difference Between EUC and EB?

When unemployed workers run out of regular unemployment benefits (UI) which provide for a maximum of 26 weeks, depending on the state, there are additional unemployment benefits available.

Emergency Unemployment Compensation (EUC)

Emergency Unemployment Compensation (EUC) provides additional weeks of benefits for workers who have used all their state benefits. There are currently four tiers of EUC unemployment benefits. Each tier provides extra weeks of unemployment compensation in addition to regular unemployment benefits.

Most unemployed workers are entitled to Tier 1, which is 14 weeks. However, to be eligible for Tiers 2 - 4 (there is no Tier 5) the state unemployment rate needs to be above a certain percentage.

Here's information on the tiers of unemployment benefits that are currently available for laid-off workers. Keep in mind that the benefits you will receive depend on your individual claim.

Check the Extended Benefits section on your state unemployment office website for information on your eligibility because the qualifications are complicated.

Extended Benefits (EB)

When unemployment has increased significantly in a state, there may be additional benefits available. The Extended Benefits (EB) program, like EUC, is funded by the federal government.

However, in order for these benefits to be available, unemployment has to have increased above a certain level. In addition, EB stops when the unemployment rate falls below a certain level. This is based on an individual state's unemployment rate.

When available, the Extended Benefits (EB) Program provides an additional 13 to 20 weeks of benefits to workers receiving state unemployment insurance benefits in states with a high unemployment rate.

State Eligibility for Extended Benefit (EB) and Emergency Unemployment Compensation Programs

The US Department of Labor provides updated information each week on state eligibility for EB and EUC unemployment extensions. You can check the Trigger Notice Report for information on changes in eligibility for your state. In addition, your state unemployment website should have information on currently available benefits and notifies recipients when their eligibility changes.

Video: Extended Unemployment Benefits

Related Articles: How to File for Unemployment | Tiers of Extended Unemployment Benefits | How to Calculate Unemployment | Maximum Weekly Unemployment Benefits

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