List of Employment Laws
Information on employment laws that regulate hiring, wages, hours and salary, discrimination, harrassment, employee benefits, paid time off, job applicant and employee testing, privacy and other workplace and employee rights issues.
Americans with Disablities Act (ADA)
If you are an American with a disability, it's important to be aware of how the Americans with Disabilities (ADA) act impacts applicants for employment.
Break Time for Nursing Mothers Law
Break Time for Nursing Mothers Law - The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (Affordable Care Act) amended section 7 of the Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA) requires employers to provide reasonable break time for an employee to express breast milk for her nursing child.
Drug Testing Laws
There are several types of drugs tests that candidates for employment may be asked to take.
COBRA - Consolidated Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act
COBRA (Consolidated Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act) gives workers and their families who lose their health benefits the option to continue group health benefits provided by their group health plan for limited periods of time under certain circumstances.
Fair Credit Reporting Act (FCRA)
When employers conduct a check of your background (credit, criminal, past employer) using a third party, the background check is covered by The Fair Credit Reporting Act(FCRA).
Immigration and Nationality Act (INA)
The Immigration and Nationality Act (INA) outlines the rights and conditions for aliens working temporarily or permanently in the United States. Employment eligibility, employment verification, and nondiscrimination are addressed, and apply to all employers.
Occupational Safety and Health Act (OSHA)
The Occupational Safety and Health Act (OSHA) of 1970 ensures that employers will provide a workplace free of hazards that could affect health and safety.
Employee Retirement Income Security Act (ERISA)
The Employee Retirement Income Security Act (ERISA) establishes minimum standards for employee pension and welfare benefit plans offered by private-sector employers.
Senior Community Service Employment Program
The Senior Community Service Employment Program is a community service-based training program for low-income persons 55 or older who are unemployed.
Foreign Labor Law
Foreign labor law restricts the eligibility of non-U.S. citizens to work in the United States. In order to gain permission to work temporarily or permanently in the U.S., an applicant must be eligible to reside in the U.S according to the Immigration and Nationality Act (INA).
Employment Authorization Document (EAD)
If an individual is not a citizen or a lawful permanent resident of the United States they will need a permit to work, officially known as an Employment Authorization Document (EAD), to prove eligibility to work in the US. Here's information on how to get a US EAD (work permit).
Employment Discrimination Laws
Employment discrimination happens when a job seeker or an employee is treated unfavorably because of his or her race, skin color, national origin, gender, disability, religion, or age. Here's information on the types of employment discrimination, employment discrimination laws, and what remedies are available to help combat discrimination issues.
Equal Pay Act
The Equal Pay Act of 1963 prohibits wage discrimination between female and male workers in the same establishment who perform jobs that require the same skills in similar working conditions.
Paycheck Fairness Act
The Paycheck Fairness Act is a bill aimed at helping to close the wage gap between men and women. The bill would require employers to explain that any pay discrepancies between men and women are based on business requirements rather than gender.
Fair Pay Act
The Fair Pay Act (Lilly Ledbetter Fair Pay Act of 2009) is a law signed by Congress on Jan 29, 2009 that restored worker protections against pay discrimination.
Employment Credit Checks
An employment credit report includes identifying information, including name, address, previous addresses, and social security number. A credit check also shows the debt you have incurred your payment history, including late payments.
Fair Labor Standards Act - Nursing Mothers
Employers covered by the Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA) are required to furnish reasonable breaks to nursing mothers to express milk for their babies.
Rather than paying employees time and a half in overtime pay, a company which has a comp time policy gives paid time off from work.
Employee Free Choice Act (EFCA)
The Employee Free Choice Act (EFCA) is legislation that would enable workers to decide whether to join a union. The Employee Free Choice Act would permit workers to form unions by signing cards providing for union representation, provide mediation and arbitration for contract disputes and establishing stronger penalties for violation of employee...
There are several categories of foreign workers permitted to work in the United States including permanent immigrant workers, temporary (non-immigrant) workers, and student and exchange workers.
Employee Privacy Law
In today’s world of fast-developing technology, in which the click of mouse can dispense a plethora of information, privacy for job seekers and employees is a significant issue.
Equal Employment Opportunity
Equal Employment Opportunity (EEO) is a term used by the federal government to refer to efforts to promote nondiscrimination. EEO efforts include providing equal benefits and services to all employees and offering equal access to all jobs and promotional opportunities.
Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA)
The Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA) provides for minimum standards for wages and overtime, and details how covered worktime must be compensated. The Fair Labor Standards Act also contains provisions related to child labor, and equal pay.
Information on when an employer can require you to work mandatory overtime and how much you are entitled to be paid for the overtime hours you work.
Workers earning less than $23,660 per year ($455 per week) are guaranteed overtime protection, however, there are exemptions to the overtime regulations.
A work day includes the hours scheduled for an employee to work on any given day. Here are the guidelines on what is included in a work day and how work days are scheduled.
Minimum Wage - The current minimum wage, which employers are required to pay a minimum wage, and the federal and minimum wage for each state.
Family and Medical Leave Act
The Family and Medical Leave Act (FMLA) can be of assistance if you need to take time off from work because of family responsibilities. The first step is to ask your employer what Family and Medical Leave Act benefits are provided to employees.
Freedom of Information Act of 1966
The Freedom of Information Act of 1966 regulates the dispensing of information within government agencies.
Loudermill rights are employee rights based on a U.S. Supreme Court decision in 1985 (Cleveland Board of Education v. Loudermill).
Pay for Bad Weather Days
Do you get paid if your company closes because of bad weather or if you can't make it into to work because of a storm? Here's information on pay for bad weather days.
US Department of Labor
The US Labor Department provides unemployment and employment data and statistics, worker and labor information, forms, and information on employment-related laws, regulations and compliance.
Pay for Snow Days
Are you entitled to get paid if your company closes becaue of the weather or if you can't make it into to work because of the weather? There are several factors involved, including whether you are an exempt or non-exempt employee, federal and state law, and company policy. Here's more on getting paid for snow and other inclement weather days.
Maternity leave, Paternity leave, Adoption Leave
Family leave, which includes maternity leave or paternity leave and adoption leave, provides for paid or unpaid time off from work after the birth or adoption of a child.
The Wagner Act of 1935
The Wagner Act of 1935 guarantees the right of workers to organize, and outlines the legal framework for labor union and management relations.
Right to Work
Right to work laws prohibit employers and labor unions from requiring membership in a union as a condition of employment, either before being hired or after the employee has started work.
Employers are required to reasonably accommodate an employee's religious beliefs, as long as doing so doesn't have excessive negative consequences. Here's information on worker rights related to religion.
The Privacy Act of 1974 requires that public-sector employees be given access to any and all information in their files.
The Taft-Hartley Act of 1947
The Taft-Hartley Act of 1947 monitors and checks the powers and activities of labor unions.
Wage garnishment occurs when an employer must withhold an employee's earnings to pay a debt as settled in a court order or other legal procedure (i.e. state tax collection, unpaid child support, or Internal Revenue Service (IRS)).
Youth Labor Law
Federal child labor laws and the FLSA have set the minimum age for employment in non-agricultural jobs at 14 years and restrict the hours that workers under the age of 16 can work. Youth workers under the age of 18 are prohibited from working in hazardous occupations.