Employers covered by federal laws against disability discrimination (over 15 employees) may require a pre-employment physical examination to determine the suitability of an individual for a job. Drug testing and physical ability tests may also be required as a condition of employment.
Pre-Employment Physical Exams
Employment physical examinations may include health inquiries and physical examinations, including psychological tests, and physical or mental health assessments. To protect against discrimination in hiring, the physical examination should be required after a job is offered. The physical examination must be related to the job the applicant will be doing.
Drug and Alcohol Tests
There are several types of drugs tests that candidates for employment may be asked to take. The types of drug tests which show the presence of drugs or alcohol include urine drug screen, hair drug or alcohol testing, saliva drug screen, and sweat drug screen.
Physical Ability Tests
Physical ability tests measure the physical ability of an applicant to perform a particular task or the strength of specific muscle groups, as well as strength and stamina in general.
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